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Cappadocia , ancient region of Asia Minor, watered by the Halys River (the modern Kizil Irmak), in present E central Turkey. The name was applied at different times to territories of varying size. At its greatest extent Cappadocia stretched from the Halys valley E to the Euphrates River, from the Black Sea S to the heights of the Taurus and Anti-Taurus ranges. Mostly a high plateau, it was famous for its mineral resources, particularly its copper and iron. Cappadocia maintained its local Asian traditions in contrast to the Mediterranean seacoast of Asia Minor, which was dominated by the Aegean culture. Several thousand tablets, written in cuneiform by Assyrian colonists in Cappadocia, have been found at Kültepe (Kanesh); they show that a highly developed trade existed between Assyria and Asia Minor before 1800 B.C. At that time Cappadocia was the heart of an old Hittite state. Later the Persians controlled Cappadocia. It did not yield fully to the conquest of Alexander the Great, and during the 3d cent. B.C. it gradually developed as an independent kingdom. Pontus now became completely separated from Cappadocia. The kings had their capital at Mazaca (later Caesarea Mazaca); the only other important cities were Tyana and Melitene, though Iconium was at times in Cappadocia. In the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. the Cappadocian dynasty maintained itself largely by siding with Rome. Invaded in 104 B.C. by Mithradates VI and c.90 B.C. by his son-in-law, Tigranes of Armenia, Cappadocia was restored by Pompey. Antony replaced the king, who had been disloyal to Rome in the Parthian invasion at the time of Julius Caesar, and in A.D. 17 Rome annexed the region as a province and Cappadocia became prosperous….More

Main Sites And Towns In Cappadocia

ok Cappadocia Urgup
ok Cappadocia Goreme
ok Cappadocia Open Air Museum
ok Cappadocia Uchisar

ok Cappadocia Mustafapasa
ok Cappadocia Avanos
ok Cappadocia Zelve
ok Cappadocia Ortahisar
ok Cappadocia Ihlara

History Of Cappadocia

ok Assyrian Trade Colonies Periods
ok Hittite Period
ok Late Hittite Kingdom
ok Persian Empire
ok Roman Period
ok Byzantine Period
ok Seljuk Period
ok Ottoman Period
ok First Travelers

Activities In Cappadocia

ok Cappadocia Balloon Tours
ok Cappadocia Bicycle Tours
ok Cappadocia Trekking Tours
ok Cappadocia Jeep Safari Tours
ok Cappadocia Horse Riding Tours
ok Cappadocia Whirling Dervishes Ceremony

Events & Festivals

ok Cappadocia Mountain Bike Festival
ok Hacibektas Festival
ok Avanos International Tourism And Handicrafts Festival
ok Cappadocia Wine Festival
ok Cappadocia Grape Harvest Festival
ok Mevlana Commemoration Ceremonies And Festival